Lesson 2: Interactive Timeline of the Opioid Crisis

You must first complete Lesson 1: What factors contributed to the Opioid Crisis? before viewing this Lesson

Lesson Video


Interactive Timeline of the Opioid Crisis

Opioid Class

1804
1804- Morphine developed

1804- Morphine developed

Morphine developed by US/European companies

1832

1832- Codeine developed

Codeine developed by US/European companies

1850
Mid-1800s: The Opium Wars

Mid-1800s: The Opium Wars

  Brittain went to war twice to keep the Chinese market open to drug imports. Became known as the Opium Wars.  

1861

1861 to 1865

During the Civil War, medics use morphine as a battlefield anesthetic. Many soldiers become dependent on morphine after the war.

1898

1898

Heroin is first produced commercially by the Bayer Company. At the time, heroin is believed to be less habit forming than morphine, so it is dispensed to individuals who are addicted to morphine.

1898
1898- Bayer patents Heroin

1898- Bayer patents Heroin

Diacetylmorphine patented by Bayer as “Heroin.” Marketed as non-addicting treatment for morphine addiction

1900

1900s to 1980s

Opioids only prescribed for acute, severe pain. Not used for chronic pain. Most addicts were on heroin in urban areas.

1906

1906- AMA approves heroin for treatment of pain

American medical association approved heroin as replacement for morphine.

1914
1914- Heroin addiction crisis in NYC

1914- Heroin addiction crisis in NYC

An estimated 200,000 heroin addicts were in New York city

1914

1914

Congress passes the Harrison Narcotics Act, which requires that doctors write prescriptions for narcotic drugs like opioids and cocaine. Importers, manufacturers and distributors of narcotics must register with the Treasury Department and pay taxes on product.

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