Institutions for Mental Disease – In 1988, P.L. 100-360 defined an institution for mental diseases as a hospital, nursing facility, or other institution of more than 16 beds that is primarily engaged
in providing diagnosis, treatment, or care of persons with mental diseases, including medical attention, nursing care, and related services. This definition is in §1905(i) of the Act and in 42
CFR 435.1009. The regulations also indicate that an institution is an IMD if its overall character is that of a facility established and maintained primarily for the care and treatment of individuals
with mental diseases.
Facilities with fewer than 17 beds that specialize in treating persons with mental disorders can provide the types of services discussed in item 1 if they meet the regulatory requirements to
provide these institutional benefits, but these facilities are not technically IMDs. Because IMDs are defined to be institutions with more than 16 beds, the IMD exclusion applies only to
institutions with at least 17 beds.
Further reading –